HHMI UCB LBL

Eukaryotic Cytoskeleton In Cell Division

Cell division is a highly regulated process requiring the interplay of physical and chemical cues. The cytoskeleton is a central player, serving as energy source for dramatic movements requiring complex mechano-chemistry, as well as acting as a scaffold that facilitates molecular encounters at the right time and place within the cell. We study two cytoskeletal systems, microtubules (MTs) and septin filaments, that play critical roles in mitosis and cytokinesis, respectively. Importantly, their self-assembly and interactions can serve both as input or readout in checkpoint processes that regulate critical and often irreversible steps in cell division progression.

Structural Basis of Microtubule Dynamic Instability

In our microtubule cytoskeleton studies we are interested in defining the conformational landscape of tubulin as defined by its nucleotide and assembly states, in order to obtain detail mechanistic understanding of the process of microtubule dynamic instability ... read more

microtubules

Microtubule-Kinetochore Interface

In the cell the dynamics of microtubules are regulated and made use of by their interaction with different factors. Of special interest is the coupling of microtubules to the kinetochore, a process where microtubule dynamics reaches its "climax". We pursue a mechanistic understanding of the molecular interactions governing the regulated, dynamic attachment of kinetochores to microtubules that underlies the accurate segregation of chromosomes during mitosis ... read more

Dam1

Septins Structure And Assembly

Septins are conserved GTases defining a new type of cytoskeletal filaments essential in cytokinesis and other membrane-remodeling processes. We are studying the yeast septins to define the organization of different septin assembly units, their polymerization and their regulation ... read more

Filament

News

Recent publications

The following publications have been accepted and are currently in press. Taylor et al. <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25837515> Structures of the CRISPR-Cmr complex reveal mode of RNA target positioning.</a><i>Science</i>, 2015 Apr 2, Epub ahead of print Baskaran et al. <a href=http://elifesciences.org/content/early/2014/12/09/eLife.05115> Architecture and dynamics of the autophagic phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase complex</a><i>eLife</i>, 2014;10.7554 Epub Raymond Staals, Yifan Zhu, David Taylor et al. <a href=http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1097276514007898> RNA Targeting by the Type III-A CRISPR-Cas Csm Complex of Thermus thermophilus.</a> <i>Mol Cell</i> <b>56</b>, 518-539 Greg Alushin et al. <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24855948> High-Resolution Microtubule Structures Reveal the Structural Transitions in αβ-Tubulin upon GTP Hydrolysis</a><i>Cell</i>, 157(5)1117-29. Megan Hochstrasser, David Taylor et al. <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24748111> CasA mediates Cas3-catalyzed target degradation during CRISPR RNA-guided interference.</a><i>Proc Natl Acad Sci</i>, <b>111(18)</b>, 6618-23.

Jack Kornfeld received the Molecular and Cell Biology Departmental Citation, the highest honor given to a graduating senior in MCB.

Eva Nogales has been elected to the prestigious National Academy of Sciences.

Eva Nogales was announced as the receipient of the 2015 Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin Award. This award is sponsored by Genentech, and granted in recognition of exceptional contributions in protein science which profoundly influence our understanding of biology.